Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Research in Social Sciences
Ageism in Turkish Health Care System from “Ecological System Approach”
Filiz Yıldırım1, Duygu Öztaş2,Selim Ürgün3
While Turkey ranks in the 66th place in terms of elderly population among the 167 countries,and the elderly population has increased within 16% in the last five years. This has become effective in focusing on the social service requirementsof the elderly people who are more frequently and at a higher rate involved in health care system. Health care is important for the elderly, as for any individuals, to maintain an independent life. However, discrimination against the elderly involved in the health system is a significant obstacle for their needs to be met. Particularly, in the health care system, ageism is not visible unlike other sorts of discrimination; those who make or witness this kind of discrimination may not mostly be aware of this discrimination. Hence, in order to understand the multidimensional dynamics and resources of ageism, it isnecessary to evaluate the issue within the environment of the elderly individuals instead of focusing solely on the elderly individuals. Upon examining the literature of discrimination in health care system in Turkey, ageism requires discussion based on interaction of the elderly with their families, caregivers, health care professionals,health care system. In this context, the fact that the elderly applicant or client is approached together with the environmental systems in which s/he lives and within the dynamics of the systems with which s/he has interaction as well as the internal processes of his/her experience of discrimination enables focusing on interaction of elderly individual in the environment from micro to macro. Starting from such a perspective, the objective of the current study is to discuss ageism in health care system in Turkey based on the ecological system approach.
Keywords: ageing, ageist attitudes, care, discrimination, health.
Ankara University Faculty of Health Sciences Department of Social Work, Corresponding author
Ankara University Faculty of Nursing, Department of Midwifery, Turkey
Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences Department of Social Work, Turkey